48 Volt hybrid technology


FEV technology

With nearly every component and system in today's modern motor vehicles the stock standard 12 V battery we are also used to has just about been pushed to its absolute limits. With the vehicle either idling or operating in low temperature conditions the current 12 V electrical systems will account for almost the entire power output of a conventional alternator. If however the vehicles powered network is increased to a high-voltage that will reduce the losses in the vehicles distribution system. The drawback until now has been that voltages above 60 V has seriously pushed the limits on the safety regulations which makes it much more challenging to accomplish.

FEV believes that a 48 V technology is probably the most likely next evolution in in-vehicle power, and as the leading developer of advanced powertrains, vehicle systems and connected vehicle technology the company plans on playing a leading role in not only the development but the integration of the new 48 V components and systems. FEV plans on displaying an array of 48 V technology and its capabilities at the 2016 SAE World Congress in Detroit. The biggest drawback to this technology is as it always is, at the start it is relatively expensive, with the biggest expense being having to design a whole new transmissions for the motor vehicles and the costs of these new transmissions being prohibitive for such small production volumes.
FEV engineers are confident they can make what they are calling a mild hybrid approach and it has serious promise with the accommodation of the 48 V system not requiring a complete redevelopment of the entire powertrain using their approach. FEV engineers use the AMG45 basically as a technology carrier to show their production compatible solution, the vehicle had been integrated 48 V E charger. The AMG technology demonstration vehicle was a way for FEV to show everyone his capabilities in managing and supporting this upcoming technology.
An E charger combined with a high powered vehicle electrical system actually supports downsized engines with high specific power by improving transient response and low-end torque, said FEV. 48 V systems are now predicted to enable advance stop start and sailing off capabilities of any vehicle are installed in, in coming years. Surprisingly 48 V systems guarantee the reactiveness of the vehicle when using safety systems like active braking. The 48 V system also enables new vehicle features with high power demand. Also a 48 volt battery and a 12 V DC to DC converter allows a vehicle with mild hybridization as a possibility.
FEV group has become a leading internationally recognized powertrain vehicle engineering company that provides a complete range of engineering services across the globe. Today FEV also designs, develops and tests prototype advanced vehicles with powertrain electronic control systems and hybrid electric engine concepts designed to help car manufacturers meet future emissions and fuel economy standards. The company's latest adventure into the 48 V vehicle electrical system has been welcomed by many companies involved in manufacturing and design of hybrid vehicles.


Chip to accelerate artificial intelligence

artificial intelligence chip
The field of AI is experiencing a remarkable spur of progress recently. The software is becoming much better at understanding images and speech and it is learning quickly how to play games. The company whose hardware has been the underpinning force to much of that progress has created a new chip to keep the forward momentum going. Nvidia announced a new chip called the Tesla P100, this chip is designed to put more power into a technique called “deep learning”. This technique is responsible for producing most of the recent major advances including Google's AlphaGo, which we know defeated the world's top Go player.
The Nvidia P100 is designed to help computer scientists passed more data to their artificial neural networks or to create larger collections of virtual neurons, as this is the core of deep learning, passing data through large collections of crudely simulated neurons until now, things can only get faster and better. Artificial neuron networks have been around since the mid-1990s but deep learning has only become relevant in the last four or five years. It was by accident that researchers discovered that chips designed to handle videogame graphics made the technique much more powerful. Without serious graphics processors deep learning would not be possible but until the P100 no chip was actually designed with deep learning in mind, this chip is designed for that.
Nvidia claims it spent more than $2 billion on R&D for this new chip, it has a total of 15 billion transistors which use three times as many as any other Nvidia chip which should enable it to learn up to 12 times faster than any artificial neural network that is being powered by an older chip. Nvidia granted early access to the new chip to deep learning researchers from Facebook, Microsoft and other companies involved in the research. The CEO of Nvidia said he expects the new chip to be in full production by the end of this year and that by the end of next year he would be expecting that cloud computing companies would be using it, he also expects IBM, Dell and HP to sell the chip inside servers starting mid-2017.
As well as the new chip Nvidia have made a special computer for deep learning researchers that includes eight P100 chips with relevant memory chips and flash hard drives. Some leading academic research groups, including University of California, Berkeley, Stanford, New York University and MIT are to be given models of the computer, it is being called a DGX-1 and it will be available for sale in mid-2017 for the small sum of $129,000. The whole idea of the chip and the computers is to make machine learning software more capable and faster. To achieve faster and more capable machine learning the machines need massive amounts of computational power, with that power harnessed they can now recognize objects and translate speech in real time, in other words artificial intelligence is finally getting smarter.


Medicine release mechanism


technologyinforms Medicine

A research team from MIT say they have recently successfully concluded trials on a pill that sticks to your gastrointestinal tract and can act as a slow long-term drug release mechanism. This will be particularly encouraging for both people who don't like taking pills but still have to find a way of getting the right medical treatment and it solves the problem for doctors who cannot prescribe certain pills because they are rapidly broken down and digested in the body, which means taking many pills over a short period of time to get the required dosage at the right time.

The MIT pill sticks to the surfaces of the gastrointestinal tract using a mucoadesive polymer called carbopol to get the pill to work, this material naturally adhere's to mucosal surfaces like the lining of the stomach and intestines. Once the pill is been swallowed one side of the pill sticks to the wall of the gastrointestinal tract to keep it in place, at the same time the other side of the pill has been designed to solve the other problem with this type of pill, that once in place it gets hit by food or other things that are passing which then pull the tablet off the gastrointestinal wall resulting in the medication either not being delivered at all or delivered to the wrong place at the wrong time. This new design to the other side of the pill relies on a special omniphobic coating that repels all food and liquids. This coating is made of fluorinated and lubricated cellulitis acetate, the design inspiration for this side of the pill was inspired by the lotus leaf which is renowned for its water repelling qualities.
The pill has what they call a Janus, the two-faced mythical God, design which is why it is so groundbreaking. Many past trials have been conducted on pills that were supposed to be able to do this job, until now none of them worked. The worst effects from some of these previous attempts were blockages in the gastrointestinal tract or just pills that completely disappeared after being knocked off the gastrointestinal tract wall by passing foods and liquids. In today's modern medical world extended-release drug solutions are extremely valuable and becoming more and more common. Today however most of these drugs are administered using implants, some of which actually means surgery to get the drugs into place. The second most common method used is by patches that are due to the skin, like the antismoking patches that are very common today.
As far as all the tests have shown the MIT Janus pill is working, but still requires much more testing mainly to measure how long the tablets will stay attached in the gastrointestinal tract and to determine the rate of the extended drug release. Once all the tests have been completed and the pills become available on the market the scientists believe that the pills will be used to prescribe everything from antibiotics to malaria and tuberculosis drugs.


American tech giants face fight in Europe


tech giants privacy

A recent European newspaper headline read, “Silicon Valley's battle over encryption is heading to Europe”. Some people say this all started with the FBI's demands that Apple help unlock an iPhone that was used by the terrorists killers in California, these demands that opened a heated debate about privacy. After recent attacks in Brussels and before that the Paris slaughter a few governments across the EU are increasingly pushing and contemplating legislating for greater access to people's digital footprints. French lawmakers were expected to debate proposals to toughen laws which would give intelligence services greater power to access everyone's personal data.

This battle looks like it is going to pit Europe's fears about the serious potential for further attacks against the concerns of the tech giants, Apple, Google and Facebook about the weakening of their encryptions which could allow back doors to people's individual data which the tech giants state could be misused by law enforcement officials and intelligence agencies of unfriendly countries. The problem the American companies have is that the recent attacks have pushed many European citizens to actually favor giving greater powers to law enforcement over personal privacy. Of course they have opponents who say these new powers must not undermine Europe's tough data protection rules that have enshrined privacy on a par with rights like freedom of expression.
The balance between national security and privacy has put major EU countries on opposite sides of the debate, to the point where Germany and the Netherlands have actually caustically dismissed encryption wars being considered by France and Britain. One leading pundit has stated that “fundamental rights are just that, fundamental.” He went on to state that there should be exceptions for national security reasons but declined to state what these exceptions should look like. He also added that governments have to be pragmatic, a comment that had him seriously ridiculed by people who said that kind of pragmatism costs innocent lives.
But there is a new series of proposals across Europe that if approved by the EU would give national intelligence agencies renewed powers to compel the likes of Apple, Google and Facebook to hand over encryption information. In Britain, lawmakers are actually in the process of completing legislation that could legally force tech giants to not only bypass encryption protections but to hand them over in the name of national security. The law which has been branded, snoopers charter, by its opponents would compel companies to aid the country's law enforcement agencies by hacking people smart phones and computers along with other powers.
The French version of this very same law which will give their police and security agencies very similar powers has penalties of up to five years jail for tech company executives and fines of up to $390,000 if they refuse or if a delay handing over the information they are asked for, the biggest problem with this legislation is the part about the delay of handing over the information, and that part is down to spark a lot of legal challenges. At the moment the French law looks like it will fail to pass into law until the next election, France's current left-wing government do not seem to like the law even though they proposed it, and are now being accused by the right wing of putting up the legislation only to keep their opposition quiet but never had any intention to pass the law. Based on some results in from other elections the right wing will most likely have a much bigger say of what laws passed after the next elections which are due before the end of this year.
CEOs of the big tech companies have all recently discovered the value of privacy. On Tuesday, 30 April 2019, Mark Zuckerberg, announced his future plans to make Facebook a "privacy-focused social platform". This was followed by Google's Sundar Pichai demand that “privacy must be equally available to everyone in the world.” Meanwhile, Twitter's Jack Dorsey, has described the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) as "net-positive", while Apple had already positioned itself as the champion of privacy.  Paragraph source: privacyinternational.org


Carmakers test technology


Chevrolet SUV tech

GM (which own Chevrolet in photo), Toyota and VW are all testing systems that either nudge the driver or alert them when they are not paying attention to the road. The so-called driver monitoring systems are designed to determine if you are falling asleep or if you being distracted and cannot drive safely, the first of these new systems could be available as soon as next year. These artificial intelligence systems watch the driver and evaluate their fitness to be behind the wheel but just what the automated system is going to do if it determines you are unfit to be behind the wheel no one is quite prepared to say.

With the improvement in addition to more and more Internet connected entertainment automation technologies in cars the researchers are now putting their attention to doing something about what the researchers are saying, all the entertainment is distracting drivers. There are serious concerns amongst driver groups about maintaining their privacy with the systems in the vehicle but all of the technology providers say the same thing, data collected by a car is the property of the vehicle's owner, and they cannot legally release it without the written permission of the owner or having a court order issued. The biggest concern for driver groups is that there are almost no laws in place now that cover in car data collection.
One of the biggest concerns this technology is setting out to address is that the biggest cause of driver distraction is the use of cell phones and other mobile devices, research suggests drivers who type the text message whilst driving are six times more likely to be involved in an accident and those who answer a phone, look up contact or just browse the Internet are three times more likely to crash. A lot of people are now saying that these driver monitoring systems are being created to fix a problem that was created by automation technology in the first place.
Surprisingly, behind cell phones, the next biggest cause of distraction for drivers is cars with radar enhanced cruise control and lane keeping technology, both of which are sold as safety features but tend to make the driver less attentive, the driver thinks the car can do it all. A specialist lawyer who researches liability issues associated with autonomous vehicles, Bryant Walker Smith, law professor at the University of South Carolina said “we are replacing one set of risks and creating a whole new set of risks”.
There is another industry with parallel experience using automation and that is the aviation industry, the FAA just completed a report that noted pilots recently involved in either crashes or near misses lacked the skill necessary to take over a plane when it's autopilot failed. Today in the aviation industry 90% of the flying is done by computers, and the FAA believes that has led to a decline in skills of flight crew.
A major difficulty with any automation technology is its ability to understand what the person it is monitoring is actually doing, if the system thinks you are being inattentive but you are not how is that conflict going to be resolved. Today most car manufacturers agree the last thing they would expect a driver monitoring system to do is to actually take over control of the vehicle, generally they expect driver monitoring systems to warn the driver in various different ways when the system believes they should be warned that they are not doing what is expected.


Chinese leap in autonomous cars


autonomous cars

At the moment we have a rare event in the tech sector, right now in China there is developing a specialized tech sector that is zeroing in on what is called autonomous or self driving cars, while at the same time a very similar but completely separate market for exactly the same thing has been developing in the United States. Many people in this technological field actually believe China has better conditions for the uptake of the technology, and because of the much more aggressive support from the national and local governments in China the conditions are actually much more favorable for fast adoption of the driverless car. China also has one more advantage over the United States in that the Chinese never developed a passion for the open road and car ownership.

Pony.ai provides automobile engineering, technology solutions, artificial intelligence and autonomous driving technology for transportation and operates in the United States and China. Baidu Inc the main search engine in China also provides navigation services and Baidu serves clients globally. Aptiv (in photo) . Aptiv is a global technology company that develops safer, greener and more connected solutions enabling the future of mobility.
Of course in recent years car ownership in China has spiked dramatically, most economic experts agree that within 15 years China will be the largest automobile market in the world. Technological experts are actually putting their bets on to the automation of the Chinese taxi industry as a first step. As these cars would nearly all be electric vehicles, it would greatly aid the Chinese government in the lowering of the pollution levels in major cities of Beijing and Shanghai. There has been a massive torrent of startup companies in China going into this technological area.
Most of the start up companies are extremely unusual in that the executives, nearly 100%, have all come from being employed by major US tech giants, the best well-known is run by ex-Intel senior executive. This particular company, even though its backers are well guarded secret, is expecting to put its first demonstration model would show at the consumer electronic show in Las Vegas in 2017. This company has attracted what is commonly called a collection of super talent with one of their latest employees being the former head of Google in China. Both Tesla and Google, the two leaders in the US race to build a completely driverless car were asked their opinions of the Chinese companies that are also having their own race, both companies didn't really want to comment but Tesla says they expect their first self driving cars to be on the road in late 2018 and Google expects its first model to be on the roads by early 2019. Both of these dates are around about the same dates the Chinese are talking about.
When talking to some of the Chinese leaders they said something which caught everyone's attention, most of the people in the field only talk about China and the United States but the Chinese say they believe that BMW in Germany has also been working on an autonomous vehicle since 2013, so in their words the project should be well advanced by now.
The biggest hurdle both teams have is actually getting their cars on the road, in the United States both Tesla and Google have been fighting uphill battles to allow their cars to be tested on the open road, in China is the exact opposite, with the government the biggest driving force behind these cars as fast as one comes off the production line is on the road being tested.


Facebook F8 Zuckerberg showed off


f8 technologyinforms

2019 marks Facebook's 10th F8 but looking back when it was launched in 2004 Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg pitched it as a way to get a date, wonder if he succeeded. When he opened his company's annual F8 developer conference in San Francisco recently he illustrated just how ambitious he is now, 14 years later. He said Facebook will now bring the world online, it would pioneer artificial intelligence and perfect virtual-reality. He introduced a whole series of bots that basically are designed to serve as robotic customer service reps for anyone who really wants one. He also brought onto the stage a piece of the Aquila pilotless plane which will supposedly bring wireless Internet to parts of the developing world that don't currently have it.

He said that the idea of building a plane that could stay in the air for several months at 60,000 feet, which is twice the cruising height of a commercial airliner, and also weighs less than most small cars, then he would've said you were crazy. His ambitions illustrate exactly how technology companies are no longer content with just getting people to go to their website and maybe download something, these technology oligarchs now believe their future depends on them being omnipresent in people's lives. During his address Mark Zuckerberg made several thinly veiled attacks on Republican US presidential candidate Donald Trump and his policy of closing the borders and turning the United States inward, he said “I hear fearful voices talking about building walls, it takes courage to choose hope over fear”.
He also said later on after he been challenged over the fact that he had spent the past three years lobbying for more visas for foreign workers, “instead of building walls we can build bridges, instead of dividing people we can connect them. We should do it one person at a time, one connection at a time and that is why I think the work we're doing together is more important than it has ever been before”. Developers will be able to build new chat bots to work with messenger, the CNN bot was demonstrated and also the 1-800-flowers bot was also demonstrated, with this plot you can order flower deliveries with personalized messages.
Much of the buzz at the developer event was around the seemingly nerdy new product of chat bots, these bots send live, automated messages or images or video into Facebook's chat tool, messenger, which is currently used by 900 million people every month as well as 50 million businesses. For most of the people who used the bots at the event this was their first experience of interacting with artificial intelligence. This move for Facebook is as much about making money as being social, if businesses use Facebook then they make more money and Facebook can make more money from them.
Gear VR, Facebook's low-end VR goggles is part of a technology that is claimed is going to change the way we all experience the world, Facebook claims customers have currently watched 2 million hours of VR video and it already has over 50 games in production.


Latest Apple Watch Series 3 and 4


Latest Apple Watch Series 3 and 4

Nothing beats the field of technology and innovation more than Apple. Apple has always been a tough competition for other companies either in the field of mobile phones or smartwatches. Apple watch series 3 is considered one of the best smartwatches one could buy.

Apple watch series 3 was launched with a built in 4G technology. Apple's latest technology science provides extraordinary health features that include fibrillation detection which has an ability to perform an ECG test on one's wrist itself. It has a 30% larger display and a fast processor in comparison to other smartwatches in the market. However, the design of the series 3 is identical to the series 2. Although the size of apple watches are constant, this model has a new dual core processor and LTE connectivity.
The visual difference of series 3 is that it has a big red dot in the Digital Crown which mostly draws attention that you are possibly wearing the most expensive smartwatch around your wrist. The series 3 focuses on keeping a track on health and fitness, offering a variety of exercising tools. The workout app is more advanced as compared to the past models by adding a couple of new exercises. This intelligent watch lets you keep a track of your laps and lengths of strokes underwater as well. This is a result of the new science and technology Apple has incorporated in its Apple Watch Series 3. It measures your heart rate before and after the average walking. It also monitors your resting rates and the recovering time after your workouts. Siri being the biggest advantage in Apple's smartwatches, saves your time and energy when your hands are not idle. Whether it is a matter of setting up the time or changing a music track in the middle of the jog, you can easily do it with Siri.
There are thousands of third-party apps one can enjoy along with the core apps of Apple, making full use of the technology of the series 3. Apple Watch Series 3 can sync music automatically with its new technology software WatchOS 4. However, it is an Apple Music only venture. Also, wireless headphones are required for this.
However, the drawback is the battery life of series 3 is not long lasting and one needs to recharge it frequently. The watch is not user friendly if you don't own an iPhone.
The question that arises is that is Apple Series 3 worth the money? The answer to this question lies in the use of your gadgets. If you own an IPhone, a set of Air pods and a subscription to Apple Music Library, then an apple watch adds as a latest technology extension to your collection. It will benefit you with cellular activities, it will monitor your fitness regime and the sleek design will add to your style statement. For majority of the people the cost of the watch is not affordable along with limited battery life. Whereas, other get fascinated by Apple's latest technology and innovation.
Apple Watch Series 4. Fundamentally redesigned and re-engineered to help you be even more active, healthy, and connected.
The largest Apple Watch display yet. Electrical heart sensor. Re-engineered Digital Crown with haptic feedback. Entirely familiar, yet completely redesigned, Apple Watch Series 4 resets the standard for what a watch can be.
Notifications for low and high heart rate. Fall detection and Emergency SOS. Breathe watch faces. It's designed to improve your health every day and powerful enough to help protect it.
Automatic workout detection. Yoga and hiking workouts. Advanced features for runners like cadence and pace alerts. See up to five metrics at a glance as you precisely track all your favorite ways to train.
Walkie-Talkie, phone calls, and messages. Apple Music and Apple Podcasts. They're all there, right on your wrist. Seriously if you like to wait till new products get refined till you buy, I think this it the time to jump in...


Has your PC been held hostage


Has your PC been held hostage technology

Malware activity increased 61% from December 2018 to January 2019.

Everyone today needs to understand the evolving risks associated with our modern technology, the chances are that sooner or later you will be targeted by something that is growing dramatically, it is commonly called ransomwear, basically it is a piece of malicious software that encrypts all of the data on your computer or smartphone and the people who put it there then demand a ransom to return access to your device. In late 2015 Intel security released a report stating that the incidence rate of ransomwear installations had increased by 26% during the previous 12 months. According to the FBI, the criminal gangs that use ransom ware attacks are netting up to $150 million per annum.

The FBI report did not estimate the overall value of the losses sustained by the known 6 million attempts to install this type of malware on computer systems across the world. Most ransom ware attacks today involve not only the demand for ransom but threats aimed at the owner if they fail to pay, usually these threats involve sending pornography to all your customers if you're in business or on forwarding the malware to anyone you know, the latest infections have been included in Microsoft Word documents which has made them very effective.
The practice of using ransomwear is growing mostly because the software is easy to obtain online and is also relatively cheap, on top of that the advent of systems like bitcoin, which enables the criminals to be paid but remain untraceable has aided not just ransom ware peddlers but other forms of cyber crime. Nearly all these type of attacks are directed at what are commonly called “soft targets”, these are individual computers or a small network of computers that have relatively low level protection, most of them usually don't even have a firewall.
The upside of all of this is it is relatively easy to protect your computer against this kind of attack, the simplest and easiest way is to perform a backup of your complete system every three months if it's a personal computer and every month if it's a business system. Then if you have an attack occur all you have to do is restore the computer using the backup and the ransomwear is defeated, and the threats become meaningless but there are some things you should do even if you have effective protection.
Number one thing on the list of things you should do is to report the attack to the authorities, unless they know what is going on they have no chance of either catching the criminals or issuing bulletins advising of how the malware was installed. You should always use reputable antivirus software and you must have a firewall installed as well, having these two items installed and up-to-date will most likely defeat any incoming malware, not just ransomwear.
If you are a business it is recommended that you purchase cyber insurance to protect yourself against this type and other types of cyber crime. You'll need to enlist an insurance expert to make sure you are not only covered for currently known cyber crimes but also for evolving cyber crimes. Like the rest of the community the world of crime is changing and technology is speeding up the pace of that change, educate yourself to understand the evolving risks most of which are easy and not expensive to defeat, all it takes is a little forethought and effort in the criminals will go and look for softer marks.


Electric rain


Electric rain technology informs

This is just been released, scientists in China have developed an innovative solar panel technology that they say will turn raindrops into electricity. It is a new kind of solar cell design and can be triggered by either rain or sun, the first published report was in the Angewandte Chemie Journal. An all weather solar cell would be a great advance toward solving the energy crisis. This new solar cell is made using the technology that combines an electron enriched graphene electrode with a dye sensitized solar cell, this new cell can be excited by either incident light on sunny days or raindrops if it rains.

The standard current solar cells are mostly dye sensitized varieties, they use a thin film of photovoltaic cells that harness organic dye to absorb sunlight and produce electrons, that is how they create energy. This new design could further guide the advanced all weather solar cells technology according to the scientists who made it. Several attempts by news organizations like Fox to contact the paper's lead author, Ocean University of China Professor Qunwei Tang have so far failed. The science news Journal noted that by using the thin layer of highly conductive graphene the solar cell could effectively harness power from rain, the salt contained in the rain separates into ions of ammonium, calcium and sodium, making graphene and natural water a great combination for creating energy it reported.
The Journal went on to say that the water actually cleans to the graphene, forming a dual layer with the graphing electrons, which acts as a pseudo-capacitor. The energy difference between the layers is so great that this causes the generation of electricity. A senior research scientist and adjunct professor at Columbia University who did not participate in the paper told Fox news that this technology would have huge additional costs and he also had questions about the potential solar cell optical losses exceeding the benefits of the rain harvested electricity. If the costs factors could be overcome this type of solar cell could be used in climates not typically able to use standard Sun powered solar cells.
China of course is one of the world's major solar panel manufacturers and innovators, they expect significant increases in the use of the technology within their own country over the next two years, this is all designed to reduce the country's carbon emissions and to that aim China has set a goal of tripling its solar power output to as much as 143 GW by the year 2020. There are numerous US firms also heavily involved in solar panel innovation and technology, with the leader probably being SolarCity which was cofounded by Tesla CEO Elon Musk who announced that the company will be making its most cutting-edge solar panels within the United States. The company's main production facility where they are saying they will produce its most efficient rooftop solar panels is based in Buffalo New York and by all accounts is a huge production space, this facility will reach full capacity by the end of 2017.


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